All posts by Alison Stenger

PCC Archaeology of an Hawaiian Island 2013

This year’s PCC travel class changed from two islands to one.  The focus was upon aquaculture, and the multiple ways in which Hawaiians sustained themselves  and their leaders in ancient times.  The first adventure was to find the  four aquaculture “ponds” that were documented historically, and then to interpret their use.  This was followed by visits to other  archaeological areas, including abandoned villages and petroglyph sites that  aren’t discussed in the usual literature.  Afternoons were free time, which included everything from paddle boarding to relaxing under a palm tree. 

Paths Across the Pacific

SITKA – 2013

If you have an interest in archaeology or anthropology, make it a point to keep track of the papers from this conference. Speakers included Stephen Jett, Don Ryan, the now famous son of Thor Heyerdahl, himself a fine researcher, and Betty Meggers of the Smithsonian Institution.  Please go to the Paths website for further information and abstracts.

Pre-Clovis in the Americas – Professional Participation Only, Please

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. – November 2012

Below is some preliminary information on this invitational meeting, including names of some of the participants and some preliminary titles.  PLEASE CHECK BACK. We are just now updating this section.

Adovasio, Jim
Director, Mercyhurst Archaeological Institute, Erie, Pennsylvania
Abstract: Plant Fiber Technologies and the Initial Colonization of the New World
Abstract: Meadowcroft Rockshelter: Retrospect 2012

Agenbroad, Larry
Principal Investigator, Mammoth Site, Hot Springs, South Dakota

 Araujo, Astolfo
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
University of São Paulo, Brazil
Abstract: The Archaeological Record of Eastern South America and its Implications on the Clovis / Pre-Clovis Debate

 Aubry, Thierry
Instituto Portugués de Archaeologia, Vila Nova de Foz Coa, Portugal

 Bradley, Bruce

University of Exeter
Abstract: Older Than Clovis Bifacial Technologies of Eastern North America

Chatters, Jim
AMEC Earth and Environmental, Inc., Bthell, Washington

Clark, Jorie
College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences,
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OregonAbstract: Regional Variability in Deglacial Sea-Level Rise Across the Western U.S. Continental Shelf: Implications for the Archaeological Record

Collins, Mike
Gault School of Archaeological ResearchAbstract: Older-than-Clovis Components at Gault in a Western Hemispheric Perspective

Dillehay, Tom
Distinguished Professor in the Department of Anthropology
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
Professor Extraordinaire and Honorary Doctorate at the Universidad Austral de Chile

Harris, John
Chief Curator,  George C. Page Museum, Los Angeles, Ca.

Hemmings, Andy
Research Professor of Anthropology / Archaeology University of Texas
Abstract: Drowned Paleoindian Sites in the Gulf of Mexico

Holen, Stephen / Holen, Kathleen
Denver Museum of Nature & Science
Abstract: Percussion Technology in the Americas: Evidence from Bone  Assemblages Utilized by Pleistocene Humans

Lieb, Trudy

Lowery, Darrin
Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution, Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20013
Department of Geography, University of Delaware
Abstract: Pedologic and Geologic Protocols for Understanding the Archaeology of Exploration: A Middle Atlantic Pre-Clovis Case Study

Parrott, Colby

Pettitt, Paul
Reader in Palaeolithic Archaeology The University of Sheffield Sheffield, United Kindgom

Rice, David
Tkwinit Twati Anthropological Services
Abstract: Origin and Antiquity of a Western North American Stemmed Point Tradition:  A Pre-Clovis Perspective

Schneider, Alan
Conference Co-chair Institute for Archaeological Studies

Stanford, Dennis
Chairman, Department of Anthropology
Smithsonian Institution
Abstract: 5 Pre-Clovis Sites

Stenger, Alison
Conference Co-chair
Institute for Archaeological Studies Portland, Oregon
Abstract: Characterizing Pre-Clovis Sites, Material Culture, and Origins

Suarez, Rafael
Departamento Arqueología Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay and Museo de Arqueología y Ciencias Naturales (Salto)
Abstract: Early Paleoamerican Pre-Fishtail settlement in the South Cone: Evaluation and discussion of the evidence

Tallman, Donna

 

Wagner, Dan
Geo-Sci Consultants University Park, Maryland
Abstract: Why Cactus Hill

 

Wah, John
Matapeake Soil and Environmental Consultants, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania
Abstract: Pedologic and Geologic Protocols for Understanding the Archaeology of Exploration: A Middle Atlantic Pre-Clovis Case Study

 

Waters, Mike
Professor, Departments of Anthropology and Geography
Director, Center for the Study of the First Americans
Executive Director, North Star Archaeological Research Program Texas A&M University
Abstract: In Search of the First Americans – What the Friedkin Site, Texas, and Manis Site, Washington Tell us About the First Americans

Wernecke, Clark
Gault School of Archaeological Research
Abstract: Older-than-Clovis Components at Gault in a Western Hemispheric Perspective

Willerslev, Eske
Director, Centre of Excellence in GeoGenetics and the National CryoBank and Sequencing Facility Professor, National History Museum and the Biological Institute, University of Copenhagen Visiting Professor at Oxford University

The Archaeology of Hawaii Oahu and the Big Island

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The real history of old Hawaii awaits all visitors.  Our group walked a short ways on the King’s trail, and journeyed to a bay with ancient fishponds and fish traps, from a site once used by royalty. We watched for ancient petroglyphs and migrating humpback whales, then cooled off with a relaxing afternoon snorkeling. 

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We also visited an ongoing research and restoration project, where native plant and bird species and archaeological sites are now being studied for their relationship to the Hawaiian culture. We respectfully walked the battlefield where the fate of  Hawaii’s religion was settled and where stone coffins still give mute testimony to the pain of this clash. We also experienced a 600 year old village where Kahunas still come to train. 

Learn the true history of Hawaii based on recent archaeological findings, and then hear the version the tourists are told.  Dr. Alison Stenger of the Institute for Archaeological Studies will be the trip leader. Each trip is custom designed for your special interests.  This opportunity is being offered by IAS, through Portland Community College.  Trip includes round trip airfare from Portland, all hotel accommodations, all transfers during the trip, shared rental car on Hawaii, park fees, and much more.  Travel dates were Feb. 20-25, 2012, and will be a similar time in 2013.  (Ask about possible discount for two booking together.)  If you have questions, or want to sign up, please contact us! 

Peopling of the Americas: Who Came First & How Does Oregon Fit In

DATE: April 13, 2011
TIME: 10:30 – 11:30am
PRESENTER: Alison T. Stenger, Ph.D.

We learned in school that the America’s were populated by Asians who walked over the Bering Land Bridge. Science, however, has very strong evidence to the contrary. Who, then, were the very first Americans? How did they get here, did they actually come to Oregon, and what is the relationship between these early people and the megafauna with which they shared the Environment?  Alison Stenger, is an archaeologist, author, and the Director of Research for the Institute for Archaeological Studies in Portland.

LOCATION:   OASIS Large Classroom

Oasis
C/o Macy’s, 4th Floor
621 S.W. Fifth Avenue
Portland OR 97204

Email: jgriffen@oasisnet.org
Phone: (503) 241-3059
Fax: (503) 241-3068

PCC Kauai

The Institute for Archaeological Studies introduces people to archaeological sites each year.  The site in the summer of 2011 was in Woodburn. Before that, in the winter of 2011, we traveled to the island of Kauai.Some images, below, are a glimpse of that island trip.

Please contact us, or Gary Palmer at Portland Community College, for more information on the Kauai adventure for next year – gpalmer@pcc.edu

Travel dates will be in early March of 2012, and will probably include two islands.  Deanna is our travel person –dea@wtpdx.com


Steps leading away from the Russian Fort can be explored. On the RIGHT, a Royal birthplace can be visited.


A visit to a village site, and then to enjoy a snorkeling beach, is a great way to end a day’s excursion. Prehistoric and historic sites often overlap.


The past can tell us so much. The information contained on grave markers can tell of longevity, disease, and some family histories. 


Walk with an archaeologist through the past, and visit paradise at the same time!

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Yet, even before the tours start, Kauai’s cultural past will wrap around you… starting with displays at the airport! Take a moment to enjoy the items on display, and read the signage, before proceeding to collect your luggage. This, alone, can help to put you on “island time”.

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Upland sites are difficult to detect on Kaua’i, due to the amount of vegetation that generally obscures them. However, this site has just been re-identified, and restoration has begun. The restoration process  will be ongoing for awhile, as the site is so very significant. Now, even signage is in place.

The McMinnville Mammoth Site

This site that contains the remains of a Columbian Mammoth. During the summers of 2007 and 2009, volunteers from the local community and from scholastic institutions joined together to excavate a portion of the animal. In 2007, the site of an extinct giant bison was also tested. These projects are only possible because of a partnership between the City of McMinnville, the Thomas Condon Sate Museum of Fossils, the Yamhill River Pleistocene Project, and the Institute for Archaeological Studies. Images from two summers of testing the site will be posted shortly. In the interim, please check the Yamhill River Pleistocene Project’s website, and this website under the College Field Work pages.

Despite being only 33 meters apart, the Mammoth and Bison Sites reflect some surprising variations in depositional history.

Stratigraphy of the Mammoth Site
Stratigraphy of the Mammoth Site

A non-credit class about paleoarchaeology was offered throughPortland Community College in August of 2010.  This mini-course provided an opportunity for members of the public, including Seniors, to excavate at the McMinnville Mammoth Site.  Participants learned proper methods while excavating a real paleontological site.  Members of the Yamhill River Pleistocene Project were on site throughout the project to help enrich everyone’s experience. Those wishing course credit were required to contact their professors or advisors prior to the beginning of the project.

Stratigraphy of the Mammoth Site
Stratigraphy of the Mammoth Site

A non-credit class about paleoarchaeology was offered throughPortland Community College in August of 2010.  This mini-course provided an opportunity for members of the public, including Seniors, to excavate at the McMinnville Mammoth Site.  Participants learned proper methods while excavating a real paleontological site.  Members of the Yamhill River Pleistocene Project were on site throughout the project to help enrich everyone’s experience. Those wishing course credit were required to contact their professors or advisors prior to the beginning of the project.

This same class will be offered again soon.  An additional location will be at Mammoth Park, where the remains of an extinct giant bison are the focus.

In the image to the left, a student from the 2009 class uncovers the tusk socket and partial tusk of a mammoth. After getting over his shock of the discovery, he did a brilliant job of excavating the specimen.
In the image to the left, a student from the 2009 class uncovers the tusk socket and partial tusk of a mammoth. After getting over his shock of the discovery, he did a brilliant job of excavating the specimen.

A special thanks to Barrier Corporation, for providing the special foam that allowed us to safely transport the tusk, when excavated, to the laboratory. Without the help of the Barrier Corporation, in Tigard, it would have been far more difficult and risky to move the tusk from its excavation area to the lab.